Employee 401(k) contributions for 2018 will top off at $18,500—a $500 increase from 2017, following two years without a boost—while the “all sources” maximum contribution (employer and employee combined) rises to $55,000, up $1,000, the IRS announced on Oct. 19.
Then, how much can a highly compensated employee contribute to 401k 2019?
Some plans, however, will also allow employees to make additional after-tax—but non-Roth—contributions to a traditional 401(k) once the 2019 participant contribution limit of $19,000 (or $25,000 after age 50) is exceeded, up to the “all sources” contribution limit of $56,000 (or $62,000 after age 50).
Moreover, who is considered a highly compensated employee in 2020?
For the 2020 plan year, an employee who earns more than $125,000 in 2019 is an HCE. For the 2021 plan year, an employee who earns more than $130,000 in 2020 is an HCE.
Can highly compensated employees contribute more to 401k?
Additional Limits for Highly Compensated Employees
In the simplest terms, contributions made by HCE’s can’t be excessive when compared to those of non-HCE’s. For example, if the average plan contribution by non-HCE’s is 4%, then the most an HCE can contribute is 6%.
You’ll be able to set aside a bit more pre-tax money for medical expenses next year. The new limits for health savings accounts (HSA) for 2020 are going up $50 for individual coverage and $100 for family coverage, the IRS announced last week, bringing them to $3,550 and $7,100, respectively.
This limit increases to $64,500 for 2021; $63.500 for 2020 ($62,000 for 2019) if you include catch-up contributions. In addition, the amount of your compensation that can be taken into account when determining employer and employee contributions is limited to $290,000 in 2021 ($285,000 in 2020).
The amount you can contribute to your 401(k) or similar workplace retirement plan goes up from $18,500 in 2018 to $19,000 in 2019. Catch-up contribution limits if you’re 50 or older in 2019 remain unchanged at $6,000 for workplace plans and $1,000 for IRAs.
Comparing 2020 and 2021 Limits
|Defined Contribution Plan Limits||2020||Change|
|Employee compensation limit for calculating contributions||$285,000||+$5,000|
|Key employees’ compensation threshold for nondiscrimination testing||$180,000||none|
|Highly compensated employees’ threshold for nondiscrimination testing||$130,000||none|
401(k) income limits
For 2021, the IRS limits the amount of compensation eligible for 401(k) contributions to $290,000. The IRS adjusts this limit every year based on changes to the cost of living.
The maximum salary deferral amount that you can contribute in 2019 to a 401(k) is the lesser of 100% of pay or $19,000. However, some 401(k) plans may limit your contributions to a lesser amount, and in such cases, IRS rules may limit the contribution for highly compensated employees.